Resolving the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in the 2D XY model with tensor-network based level spectroscopy


The Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition was historically the first example of topological phase transitions. Here we re-investigate the BKT transition in the 2D classical XY model, combining the Tensor Network Renormalization (TNR) and the Level Spectroscopy method based on the finite-size scaling of the Conformal Field Theory. By systematically analyzing the spectrum of the transfer matrix of the systems of various moderate sizes which can be accurately handled with a finite bond dimension, we determine the critical point removing the logarithmic corrections. This improves the accuracy by an order of magnitude over previous studies including those utilizing TNR. Our analysis also gives a visualization of the celebrated Kosterlitz Renormalization Group flow based on the numerical data.

Reference: Atsushi Ueda and M.O.,  arXiv:2105.11460